Leona Tyler Conference Room

The Leona Tyler Conference Room is, first and foremost, dedicated to graduate student oral defenses. The Tyler Room may also be reserved by students, faculty and staff for other meetings. The space was dedicated to the University's first female Dean of the Graduate School, Leona Tyler, in 1994. Tyler served as Dean of the Graduate School from 1965 to 1971. 

About the Tyler Room

The Tyler Room measures 11' by 25' and is furnished with 6 modular tables (combined, they create a 14'-long foot table) and 14 upholstered conference chairs. Additional chairs are also available. The room is equipped with a wifi access, a conference telephone, and 55" LCD flat screen. The room is located in 111a Susan Campbell Hall. 

Catering is permitted in the Tyler Room.

Request a Reservation

Requests for meeting or event space can be made by completeing the Room Scheduling Request Form and emailing to Chris Jones, gradsch@uoregon.edu, if you have questions please call 541-346-5129. Please read and understand the policies and guidelines outlined in the Scheduling Procedures for the Graduate Student Center and Leona Tyler Conference Room

About Leona Tyler

The wide-ranging influence of Leona Tyler's work reflects her many interests in areas such as individual differences, counseling psychology, and developmental theory, as well as the many roles she played, including educator, researcher, textbook writer, counselor and administrator. 

Born on May 10, 1906 in Chetek, Wisconsin, her parents encouraged her and her three brothers to pursue higher education despite the fact that no one in the family had ever gone to college.  Her mother in particular believed that once women had been granted the right to vote, they should also be allowed the same educational opportunities as men.  Tyler took advantage of her parents' support of academics and was consistently ahead of her peers, graduating high school at the age of 15 and junior college at the age of 19. 

She enrolled at the University of Minnesota and earned an undergraduate degree in English in 1925.  During her college years she took advanced courses in mathematics to compensate for her lack of exposure in high school, a decision that would later aid in her post-graduate work in psychology.  Tyler's occupational choice mirrored that of many of women of her time. She became a teacher and taught junior high school in both Minnesota and Michigan for the next 13 years.  Eventually, disciplining students became tiresome, but the diversity of her students began to foster a life-long interest in individual differences.Photo: Leona Tyler

While teaching school Tyler was expected to take courses over the summer. In 1937, Tyler enrolled in a course on individual differences at the University of Southern California taught by Donald G. Paterson.  He encouraged her to pursue a master's degree in psychology at the University of Minnesota and guided her research on adolescent girls.  Tyler continued teaching junior high school while collecting data for her master's thesis.  She minored in statistics and, in 1940, earned her Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Minnesota with a dissertation exploring the development of interests in high school girls.  Her university teaching career began that same year at the University of Oregon.  Tyler taught in the Psychology department for over 25 years before she became the Dean of the Graduate School in 1965.  Tyler was the first woman to be appointed an academic dean at the University of Oregon.  She served as dean until her retirement in 1971. 

Her teaching load included a wide range of courses, but also allowed her to teach courses in her specialty areas of individual differences, testing, and counseling.  In 1941 the university was granted funding to open a counseling center for returning World War II soldiers.  Tyler managed the center, which subsequently became the university's counseling center.  From this point on, she spent approximately one-third of her time counseling.  Research, writing, and teaching afforded Tyler the balance she sought, and in 1947 her book, The Psychology of Human Differences, was published. 

The influences on Tyler were many, but the most important conceptual influences on her work were existentialism and developmental theory.  Both shaped her approach to counseling, which she distinguished from psychotherapy on the grounds that the latter was best suited to treat personality maladjustment.  For Tyler, counseling was a means of encouraging natural, developmental processes and exploring cognitive structures and their role in organizing individual experiences and choices.  While her early career focused on how individuals developed interests, Tyler shifted her focus to developmental psychology and revised a key text, Developmental Psychology, with Florence Goodenough in 1959.  She strongly believed that the stages of development were more qualitatively than quantitatively distinct.

Tyler was able to explore cross-cultural differences with respect to individual choice after developing a card sort technique called the Choice Pattern Technique.  Each card represented an occupational choice. Subjects would sort the cards into piles based on interest or disinterest and would then explore the reasons for sorting the cards in that way.  She used the technique to study adolescents from different cultures, looking at the extent to which differences could be explained by environment or cognitive organization.  Tyler collected data at the University of Amsterdam on a Fulbright scholarship,1962-1963, and then extended her research to India and Australia.  Her results indicated that the greater the influence of environment on career choice the narrower the choices, demonstrating how environment interacts with individual variables with respect to perceived choice.  The Choice Pattern Technique Tyler pioneered continues to be used in career counseling.

Photo: Leona Tyler in the space to become the first Leona Tyler Conference RoomIn addition to her research, counseling, and writing - which included around 100 articles and books - Tyler was also involved in administration and community and professional service.  In addition to her service as dean of the Graduate School of she was elected president of the Oregon Psychological Association, the Western Psychological Association, and Division 17 (Counseling Psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA), which granted her the ultimate honor of naming its highest award after her - The Leona Tyler Award; was elected to the APA Board of Directors and later to the Policy and Planning Board; and in 1972 became the 81st president and fourth woman to be elected president of the APA.  Her community service included sitting on many local and state boards, as well as participation in Amnesty International, Common Cause, and other peace organizations.  Tyler died April 29, 1993, in Eugene, Oregon at the age of  86.

The original Leona Tyler Conference Room in Chapman Hall was dedicated in 1994 and re-dedicated when the Graduate School moved to Susan Campbell Hall in January 2012. The photo above shows Tyler in Chapman Hall, just before the space was renovated to serve as the first Leona Tyler Conference Room.

 

Primary Source:  Held, Lisa (2010). Profile of Leona Tyler. In A. Rutherford (Ed.), Psychology’s Feminist Voices Multimedia Internet Archive.  Retrieved from http://www.feministvoices.com/leona-tyler/

 

 

 

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